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Diabetic Eye Care

Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness for adults in the United States. Patients with diabetes are at risk for developing diabetic retinopathy. Retinopathy occurs as a result of damage to the blood vessels due to uncontrolled blood sugar levels. There are two classifications of diabetic retinopathy, non-proliferative and proliferative. As the vessel walls are damaged they become leaky which can result in retinal hemorrhages, exudation and hypoxia. At this stage the retinopathy is classified as non-proliferative. The main, visually significant, complication of non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy is diabetic macular edema. This occurs when fluid leaks into the macula, the area responsible for our sharp central vision. If left untreated, the edema can cause scarring and permanent central vision loss. Non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy is re-classified as proliferative retinopathy when the retina begins to grow new blood vessels to help the damaged retinal vessels. This seems like a good idea, but the new vessels are very leaky and grow irregularly putting the patient at a high risk for a retinal tear or detachment. Comprehensive, dilated eye exams allow our providers to monitor for signs of retinal damage due to diabetes and initiate treatment when needed. As with any disease process, early detection and treatment allows the greatest chance at preserving our patients' vision.

See our list below of Grene Vision Group optometrists who provide diabetic eye care.